Windows XP Sharing And Security Models

Windows XP offers two distinctly different sharing models:

● Simple File Sharing: Simple File Sharing, sharing folders and printers is simple, but your configuration options are limited. For example, allocating a folder in this model needs choosing a single check box, where upon Windows XP sets suitable shared resource permissions and NTFS file permissions. But a share created this way is available to all network users; you can’t choose to set permissions for different users. With Simple File Sharing, Windows uses the Guest account for all network logons.

● Classic sharing: The classic sharing model is similar to the one employed by Windows 2000. When you share a folder, you must set appropriate shared resource permissions and NTFS file permissions to control the folder’s use. But you can set varying permissions for individual users or groups (allowing full control to some, read-only access to some, and locking out others altogether, for example). You can also limit the number of simultaneous connections. This additional flexibility comes at the cost of complexity, however. Besides understanding permissions and how to set them, you’ll need to set up appropriate user accounts on each computer that allows network access.

Windows XP Home Edition uses Simple File Sharing exclusively. Windows XP Professional can use either Simple File Sharing or classic sharing. To switch between these models, in Control Panel, open Folder Options (in the Appearance And Themes category), click the View tab, and either select or clear the Use Simple File Sharing (Recommended) check box (the last item in the Advanced Settings list).